There are certain substances which when taken in excess result in the formation of crystals in urine, which cannot be diluted and finally form what is called the kidney stones, the substances are calcium, oxalate and uric acid. The hard deposits of these minerals and salts that are formed inside the kidney are known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis.

The numerous causes for the formation of renal stones are excessive body weight, medical conditions, intake of supplements and certain medications..

The very first treatment to remove renal stones is drinking lots of water along with a painkiller.

If the stones are lodged in the urinary tract, there is a risk of an infection which needs to be treated with a course of antibiotics, and finally surgery if the condition becomes more complicated.

One another treatment line occurs when your doctor recommends preventive treatment in the form of change of lifestyle which would be a preventive method that would reduce the risk of recurrent occurrence of kidney stones.

Certain listed causes for kidney stones are:

  • You do not drink enough water
  • Someone in the family has kidney stones
  • You are overweight
  • You diet contains high protein, sodium or sugar
  • You have a polycystic kidney
  • You have just had a surgery Intestinal or bypass)
  • The levels of cystine, oxalate, uric acid or calcium is high.
  • You take certain medications such as diuretics, or calcium based antacids.

Certain common symptoms for renal stones are:

  • Pain during the passage of urine
  • Blood in urine
  • Sharp pain in your back or lower abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting

The treatment includes the following steps:

  • A urine test, blood test, chest x-ray and CT scan are done
  • A pain reliever is given along with advice of large quantities of water .
  • Shock Wave Lithotripsy is suggested if the stones are large.
  • Another option is ureteroscopy, which makes use of long tube to remove stones.
  • In rare cases, a surgery known as percutaneous nephrolithotripsy would be needed to remove a kidney stone. In this case hospitalization is required for about 2 to 3 days.

Contact 080 28483939 for more information for Kidney Stones Treatment at our Specialized Clinic, ReSCUE Urology Hospital in Bangalore, Kengeri.