In simple words, Dialysis is a treatment for individuals whose kidneys are failing to filter blood the way they should. There are two types of dialysis, hemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis. Both perform normal kidney functions, filtering waste and excess fluid from the blood.
Who Needs dialysis?
For people who have kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD), wastes and toxins build up in their bloodstream. Injuries and conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, and lupus can damage kidneys, leading to kidney disease. In such conditions, Dialysis performs kidney functions.
Some people develop kidney problems for no known reason. Kidney failure can be a long-term condition, or it can come on suddenly (acute) after a severe illness or injury. A Urologist will recommend dialysis in the presence of either of the above conditions.
What Does Dialysis Do?
Dialysis balances the body when the kidneys fail to function as usual:
2. Peritoneal dialysis.
A machine removes blood from your body, filters it through a dialyzer (artificial kidney), and returns the cleaned blood to your body. This 3- to 5-hour process may take place in a hospital, a dialysis center, or even at home three times a week.
Process of Hemodialysis:
Two needles are inserted into your arm.
Blood is removed from a needle in your arm.
The blood is circulated through the dialyzer filter, which moves waste into a dialysis solution. This cleansing liquid contains water, salt, and other chemicals.
The filtered blood is returned to your body through a different needle in your arm.
Blood pressure is also monitored and adjusted.
Tiny blood vessels inside the abdominal lining (peritoneum) filter blood through the aid of a dialysis solution. This solution is a type of cleaning liquid that contains water, salt, and chemicals.
Peritoneal dialysis can be done at home.
Process of Peritoneal dialysis:
A catheter is connected to one branch of a Y-shaped tube. This tube connects to a bag that has a dialysis solution. The solution flows through the tube and catheter into the peritoneal cavity.
The tube is disconnected from the catheter after about 10 minutes when the bag is empty.
Cap off the catheter and you can do your usual activities while the dialysis solution inside the peritoneal cavity absorbs waste and extra fluids from the body. This process can take 60 to 90 minutes.
The cap is removed from the catheter. The other branch of the Y-shaped tube is used to drain the fluid into a clean, empty bag.
The steps need to be repeated four times a day. You sleep with the solution in your stomach all night.
Fully Equipped Dialysis Center with modern dialysis machines, an ICU on-site to handle any emergencies, physician presence with best protocols in the usage of dialysers to ensure no infections during transmission, all of this at a NABH Accredited Hospital.