After your doctor sees the reports of all the tests and imaging, he/she will conclude upon a treatment plan for kidney stones based upon your medical history and the type of stone present. Once the treatment for the passage of kidney stone is done, it is important to follow some preventive methods as there is a likelihood of it occurring is very common.
Your doctor will prescribe medications based on the type of kidney stone so that they can pass easily and also prevent it from growing. Further, your doctor may advise you to make some dietary changes or take medications to prevent the kidney stone from occurring again.
The best muscle relaxant that is prescribed to relax the muscles of the ureter is the alpha-blockers. These help in reducing the spasms in the bladder, which are the cause of intense pain.
Once the pain is reduced, the inflammation also comes down, thus helping the stone to pass out quickly instead of weeks.
In some cases, your doctor might prescribe potassium citrate can be helpful in dissolving and preventing uric acid stones. Potassium citrate is also known to prevent kidney stones from growing or reoccurring.
Your doctor would prescribe this medicine as it has the capacity to reduce the amount of calcium released in the urine. Some common Thiazide Diuretics include hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone or indapamide, all of which help in preventing kidney stones from recurring.
This medicine is usually prescribed to decrease the amount of uric acid produced in the body as a high level of uric acid tends to form kidney stones. People diagnosed with gout or whose diet includes high in animal protein are prescribed allopurinol.
- Drink more fluids to prevent new kidney stones from forming.
- Decrease the amount of animal protein in your diet, which includes beef, chicken, fish pork.
- Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Increase your intake of calcium-rich foods.
If you have calcium oxalate kidney stones, limit your intake of foods that are high in oxalate, namely beet, black pepper, black teas, chocolate, nuts, rhubarb, soy products and spinach.