A tumor that can grow and spread to different parts of the body is termed as cancer which is malignant in nature. The other tumor that grows but does not spread to different parts of the body is known as benign cancer. Here we discuss the different forms of cancer that can affect the urinary system.
The most common among them is bladder cancer which begins in the bladder. The bladder is that organ which stores the urine before it exits the body. It is important to know the risk of developing bladder cancer and eventually prevent it whenever possible. Bladder cancer often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. There are 3 types of bladder cancer:
- Urothelial Carcinoma (UCC) – This cancer affects the inside of the bladder and accounts for 90% of bladder cancers.
- Squamous cell Carcinoma – Squamous cells develop in the bladder lining which could be irritable and have inflammation.
- Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer – cancer grows in the thin tissue on the inner surface of the bladder, and since the bladder muscle is not involved it does not spread to other parts.
- Muscle-invasive bladder cancer – here the cancer on the muscle spreads to the thick tissue of the inner surface of the bladder wall.If treatment is delayed, the cancer can spread to the lymph nodes, the lungs, the liver and other parts of the body
All the above can be treated well with good results if diagnosed at an early stage at ‘ Urology Hospital, Bangalore’.
Penile Cancer – Penile cancer is a disease in which the cancer cells form in the tissues of the penis. Symptoms include – skin becoming thicker, change in skin color with a reddish yellow rash under foreskin, small crusty bumps, flat bluish-brown growths, discharge or bleeding.
Testicular Cancer – The testicles which are located inside a bag of skin under the penis, are prone to get cancer. Symptoms are lower back pain, body fatigue, swelling of scrotum or lymph nodes, weight loss.
When bladder cancer is detected at an early stage, a treatment known as (TUR) transurethral resection is done, which removes the cancerous cells and preserves the function of the bladder. Recurrence of the cancer will need a cystectomy, which removes a portion of the bladder
The above mentioned symptoms should not be ignored, therefore it is necessary to meet an experienced professional urologist who can start the process of diagnosis and treatment at the earliest. Facilities are available at ‘ Urology Hospital Bangalore’